Intra uterine insemination (IUI) involves the extraction of a semen sample from the male partner or a donor, which is directly injected into the uterine cavity around the time of ovulation. IUI is often prescribed as the first in line of infertility treatments when treatment by medication fails. IUI is recommended in the following situations:
Apart from a routine examination, the following tests are carried out before performing an IUI
IUI is a simple procedure and does not require any special precaution. You need to rest for a few minutes after the procedure, after which you can resume all your routine activities. At times, you may also be prescribed medication to support a pregnancy.
IUI is a simple and safe procedure. Apart from mild pain and spotting on the day of an IUI, there are no major complications. Around five to ten percent of the patients have multiple [generally twin] pregnancies. Sometimes, a patient may respond excessively to medications and produce more eggs, putting her at risk for multiple pregnancies and a condition called Ovarian Hyper Stimulation Syndrome (OHSS). If this occurs, your doctor will advise you accordingly and the cycle may be cancelled or converted to an IVF cycle.
About 80% pregnancies due to IUI occur within the first three IUI cycles, post which the success rate lowers. We generally recommend a maximum of three IUI cycles, but this depends upon the age of the patient and the cause and duration of infertility.