Will the use of Fertility drugs help us in conceiving?
For millions of women struggling to conceive, fertility drugs are the first step in treatment.
What do these little pills and injections do exactly?
Are they really needed ?
How does fertility medication differ?
Reasons differ from person to person. For instance, women with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) generally respond well to clomiphene, but those who don’t may be given the insulin-sensitizing drug metformin to help them ovulate. Some women with PCOS respond well to a combination of metformin and clomiphene.
Women with hyperprolactinemia have too much of the hormone prolactin in their blood, which interferes with ovulation. Women with this condition who want to conceive will most likely take bromocriptine or cabergoline to restore ovulation.
What are the risks of fertility drugs?
Many of these drugs have been used safely and successfully for more than 40 years.
But like other fertility treatments, these drugs can increase the chance of conceiving multiples – and the more babies a woman carries, the greater the risk of complications, including miscarriage and premature labor.
About 10 percent of women who take clomiphene have multiples (mostly twins), and about 30 percent of women who take gonadotropins have multiples (again, mostly twins).